Direct Student Loan Consolidation
Student loans are basically non-dischargeable almost everyone knows this. There are some very specific circumstances where even today you can have your student loan debt discharged but that is a narrow exception that often requires a fight and money to fight. We will discuss the current state of dischargeability in a future post. The landscape around student loans and bankruptcy has not always been so desolate. Not so long ago these loans were dischargeable. Back when they were dischargeable the cost of an education was much lower and the total student loan debt was a fraction of what it is now. With student loan debt currently being a 1200000000000.00 (One Trillion Two Hundred Billion) dollar problem holding people back from purchasing homes or taking part in the broader economy with a little help they may become dischargeable yet again.
However the lender will be interested to know the specific degree program that you are enrolled in the income of your parents and lastly the school that you will be attending. According to the government every parent is required to contribute to the education of their children. As such they will use the income to ascertain the extent in which a given parent will afford to pay for the tuition fee in a year. After this the government then decides exactly how much money they are going to give the student. Basically federal loan covers for books and tuition and sometimes the student housing cost will also be included in the package as well. However the student must be residing in the campus for the housing cost to be covered by the loan. Where the student opts to live outside campus he or she will then be required that they look for other alternative options for meeting the cost of rent.
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These income-based student loan payments will be calculated as 15 percent of the amount by which a borrowers adjusted gross income exceeds 150 percent of the poverty line. (For individuals the 2009 poverty line is $10830 in all states except Alaska and Hawaii. The complete federal poverty guidelines for 2009 are available on the website of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.) For example: 150 percent of the current individual poverty line of $10830 is $16245. If a borrowers annual adjusted gross income is $25000 the monthly payments on her or his eligible student loans would be capped at $109.44 - 15 percent of the difference between $25000 and $16245 divided by 12 months. If a borrowers annual adjusted gross income is $40000 the monthly payments on any eligible student loans would be capped at $296.94 ($40000 - $16245 multiplied by 15 percent divided by 12). Income-based monthly payments will be adjusted annually based on a borrowers federal tax return from the previous year.
Some of the benefits and advantages of federal student loans is given below. Unlike other forms of consumer debt student loans receive special protections under current laws ranging from collection to bankruptcy. This special status applies not only to the primary borrower (the student) but also to any co-signer on the loan. Student loans are one of the hardest types of debt to shake. Current U.S. bankruptcy law allows a court to discharge these loans in bankruptcy only in the narrowest circumstances. In fact the legal requirements for discharging education loans are so formidable to meet that most bankruptcy attorneys avoid student loan cases altogether. Since so few loan borrowers qualify for bankruptcy discharge under the law the vast majority of loan debt is carried until the borrower repays the loan or dies -- although some non-federal student loans even survive death passing the debt on to the borrowers co-signer.