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In 1981 a minimum wage earner could work full time in the summer and make almost enough to cover their annual college costs leaving a small amount that they could cobble together from grants loans or work during the school year. 4. In 2005 a student earning minimum wage would have to work the entire year and devote all of that money to the cost of their education to afford 1 year of a public college or university. 5. Now think about this there are approximately 40 million people with student loan debt somewhere over the 1.2 trillion dollar mark. According to studentaid.gov seven million of those borrowers are in default that is roughly 18%. Default is defined as being 270 days delinquent on your student loan payments. Once in default the loan balances increase by 25% and are sent to collections.
For borrowers who are on the governments income-based repayment plan any outstanding federal college loans can be discharged prior to full repayment if the borrower has made her or his monthly loan payments for 25 years. Borrowers who go to work for the government or the public sector can have their federal college loans forgiven after 10 years. Federal college loans can also be forgiven in the event the borrower dies or becomes permanently disabled. Non-federal private student loans on the other hand arent required to offer any of these payment-deferment or discharge provisions. It is at the lenders discretion whether to offer a struggling borrower deferred or lower monthly loan payments and even whether to discharge the private student loan upon the borrowers death or permanent disability.
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They have excellent payment options and so the student can study at home without having to worry about financial problems. Stafford Loans can be subsidized those who do not pay interest until the time of leaving the college / school or who may be eligible where they have to pay interest on the loan amount from the time they are disbursed. Federal PLUS These loans are given to parents whose children are conducting their training courses at their respective schools or colleges. The loan the more you give on the basis of credit history or rating and the cost of attendance. The Federal PLUS Loan has a low interest rate and easy repayment options have payment and usually begins within 60 to 90 days after disbursement of the loan.
A Brief History. Student loans really did not pop into existence in America until 1958 under the National Defense Education Act. 1. These loans were offered as a way to encourage students to pursue math and science degrees to keep us competitive with the Soviet Union. 2. In 1965 the Guaranteed Student Loan or Stafford Loan program was initiated under the Johnson Administration. Over time additional loan programs have come into existence. The necessity of loans for students has become greater as the subsidies universities receive have fallen over time. Take Ohio State for example. In 1990 they received 25% of their budget from the state as of 2012 that percentage had fallen to 7%. In the absence of state money universities and colleges have increased tuition to cover the reduction in state money.