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Because we know that borrowing to attend college is not going away steps to offset the bite of borrowing to attend college should be taken as far in advance as possible to reduce and manage your debt. Here are some steps to you can take to ensure you are borrowing responsibly. 1. Avoid Falling into The Loan Trap - If at all possible avoid borrowing; however if you are like most students attending college you have no other choice but to do so. When it comes time to borrow do not be tempted to borrow the full sum available to you personally on the loan loan of the loan doing so can give you a false sense of financial security. Often when you get the maximum amount of a student loan it is usually more than you can afford to repay. This usually happens when students take out a need-based loan.
For borrowers who are on the governments income-based repayment plan any outstanding federal college loans can be discharged prior to full repayment if the borrower has made her or his monthly loan payments for 25 years. Borrowers who go to work for the government or the public sector can have their federal college loans forgiven after 10 years. Federal college loans can also be forgiven in the event the borrower dies or becomes permanently disabled. Non-federal private student loans on the other hand arent required to offer any of these payment-deferment or discharge provisions. It is at the lenders discretion whether to offer a struggling borrower deferred or lower monthly loan payments and even whether to discharge the private student loan upon the borrowers death or permanent disability.
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The collections agencies get a commission on collected debt and are often owned by the very entity that originated the loans i.e. Sallie Mae. The Building of the Student Debt Prison. Prior to 1976 student loans were dischargeable in bankruptcy without any constraints. Of course if you look back at statistics from that time there wasnt much student debt to speak of. When the US Bankruptcy Code was enacted in 1978 the ability to discharge student loans was narrowed. Back then in order to have your loans discharged you had to be in repayment for 5 years or prove that such a repayment would constitute an undue hardship. The rationale for narrowing the discharge was that it would damage the student loan system as student debtors flocked to bankruptcy to have their debt discharged.
If your primary borrower starts missing payments or payment due dates however the lender will contact you. Normally by the time the lender is contacting you the loan youve co-signed is already past due and your credit rating may have already taken a hit. Keep in mind too that any legal remedies a lender has at its disposal for pursuing a loan debt can also be applied to the co-signer. These legal remedies include assignment of the delinquent loan account to a debt collection service and a possible court action. For delinquent federal education loans the government may seek to garnish your wages or seize any income tax refunds you have coming your way. In addition delinquencies or a default on any loans on which youve co-signed will appear on your own credit report with all the same adverse effects as on the primary borrowers credit report.