Tax Reform Student Loan Interest Tax Reform Bill 2017 Student Loan Interest New Tax Reform Student Loan Interest Tax Reform Student Loan Interest 2018 Tax
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Any accrued unpaid interest will be added to the student loan principal and capitalized when the borrower no longer qualifies for income-based repayment. Subsidized Interest and Student Loan Forgiveness For those borrowers who hold subsidized student loans or a federal consolidation loan that included subsidized Stafford loans or Perkins loans the government will cover any unpaid interest on those subsidized loans (or on that portion of a student loan consolidation thats comprised of subsidized loans) for the first three years that a borrower is in income-based repayment. The longest that a borrower can remain on the income-based repayment plan is 25 years. After 25 years of income-based payments the government will forgive any remaining principal and unpaid interest - although borrowers should note that under current tax law this forgiven student loan debt would be taxable.
These income-based student loan payments will be calculated as 15 percent of the amount by which a borrowers adjusted gross income exceeds 150 percent of the poverty line. (For individuals the 2009 poverty line is $10830 in all states except Alaska and Hawaii. The complete federal poverty guidelines for 2009 are available on the website of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.) For example: 150 percent of the current individual poverty line of $10830 is $16245. If a borrowers annual adjusted gross income is $25000 the monthly payments on her or his eligible student loans would be capped at $109.44 - 15 percent of the difference between $25000 and $16245 divided by 12 months. If a borrowers annual adjusted gross income is $40000 the monthly payments on any eligible student loans would be capped at $296.94 ($40000 - $16245 multiplied by 15 percent divided by 12). Income-based monthly payments will be adjusted annually based on a borrowers federal tax return from the previous year.
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For borrowers who are on the governments income-based repayment plan any outstanding federal college loans can be discharged prior to full repayment if the borrower has made her or his monthly loan payments for 25 years. Borrowers who go to work for the government or the public sector can have their federal college loans forgiven after 10 years. Federal college loans can also be forgiven in the event the borrower dies or becomes permanently disabled. Non-federal private student loans on the other hand arent required to offer any of these payment-deferment or discharge provisions. It is at the lenders discretion whether to offer a struggling borrower deferred or lower monthly loan payments and even whether to discharge the private student loan upon the borrowers death or permanent disability.