Student Loan Debt Facts
Last week financial aid officers at Texas A&M University - a school with over 54000 students - heard from seven different lenders warning that they would no longer be able to offer federal student loans a situation that has made more than a few borrowers uneasy. Dyneche Duffield an incoming college student headed to Houston Baptist University is uncomfortable with the prospect of having to establish a relationship with a new lender other than her local bank which used to offer student loans. "I would have much rather taken out a loan there than somewhere where I didnt know anyone" Duffield said. While students like Duffield may still be able to go directly to the Department of Education for their federal college loans or find those remaining lenders who are still offering private student loans (albeit with more stringent credit criteria that are making it harder for students to qualify) the magnitude of the problem within the student loan credit markets and how deeply it has permeated the college loan industry is alarming to many administrators and officials in higher education.
The collections agencies get a commission on collected debt and are often owned by the very entity that originated the loans i.e. Sallie Mae. The Building of the Student Debt Prison. Prior to 1976 student loans were dischargeable in bankruptcy without any constraints. Of course if you look back at statistics from that time there wasnt much student debt to speak of. When the US Bankruptcy Code was enacted in 1978 the ability to discharge student loans was narrowed. Back then in order to have your loans discharged you had to be in repayment for 5 years or prove that such a repayment would constitute an undue hardship. The rationale for narrowing the discharge was that it would damage the student loan system as student debtors flocked to bankruptcy to have their debt discharged.
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As a borrowers income rises the income-based repayment cap will also go up. If the income-based repayment cap reaches a level higher than what a borrowers monthly payment would be under a standard 10-year student loan repayment plan the borrower will no longer qualify for income-based repayment for her or his student loans. Borrowers whose adjusted gross income falls below 150 percent of the poverty threshold wont be required to make any payments on those student loans that qualify for income-based repayment. Even if no payments are due however interest will continue to accrue on those college loans . Unpaid interest will also accrue if a borrowers income-based monthly payments arent sufficient to cover the full monthly interest on the qualifying college loans.
However the lender will be interested to know the specific degree program that you are enrolled in the income of your parents and lastly the school that you will be attending. According to the government every parent is required to contribute to the education of their children. As such they will use the income to ascertain the extent in which a given parent will afford to pay for the tuition fee in a year. After this the government then decides exactly how much money they are going to give the student. Basically federal loan covers for books and tuition and sometimes the student housing cost will also be included in the package as well. However the student must be residing in the campus for the housing cost to be covered by the loan. Where the student opts to live outside campus he or she will then be required that they look for other alternative options for meeting the cost of rent.