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As a borrowers income rises the income-based repayment cap will also go up. If the income-based repayment cap reaches a level higher than what a borrowers monthly payment would be under a standard 10-year student loan repayment plan the borrower will no longer qualify for income-based repayment for her or his student loans. Borrowers whose adjusted gross income falls below 150 percent of the poverty threshold wont be required to make any payments on those student loans that qualify for income-based repayment. Even if no payments are due however interest will continue to accrue on those college loans . Unpaid interest will also accrue if a borrowers income-based monthly payments arent sufficient to cover the full monthly interest on the qualifying college loans.
A Brief History. Student loans really did not pop into existence in America until 1958 under the National Defense Education Act. 1. These loans were offered as a way to encourage students to pursue math and science degrees to keep us competitive with the Soviet Union. 2. In 1965 the Guaranteed Student Loan or Stafford Loan program was initiated under the Johnson Administration. Over time additional loan programs have come into existence. The necessity of loans for students has become greater as the subsidies universities receive have fallen over time. Take Ohio State for example. In 1990 they received 25% of their budget from the state as of 2012 that percentage had fallen to 7%. In the absence of state money universities and colleges have increased tuition to cover the reduction in state money.
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Under current credit criteria most students who typically have little or no established credit history will require a co-signer in order to qualify for a private student loan. Typically a co-signer is a relative who agrees to pay the balance of any co-signed loans if the student fails to repay the loan although a family relationship is not a requirement. A student may have an unrelated co-signer. Federal Student Loans vs. Private Student Loans Government-backed federal student loans come with certain payment-deferment and loan-forgiveness benefits. Borrowers who are having difficulty making their monthly loan payments may be eligible for up to three years of payment deferment due to economic hardship along with an additional three years of forbearance during which interest continues to accrue but no payments would be due.
Student loans are basically non-dischargeable almost everyone knows this. There are some very specific circumstances where even today you can have your student loan debt discharged but that is a narrow exception that often requires a fight and money to fight. We will discuss the current state of dischargeability in a future post. The landscape around student loans and bankruptcy has not always been so desolate. Not so long ago these loans were dischargeable. Back when they were dischargeable the cost of an education was much lower and the total student loan debt was a fraction of what it is now. With student loan debt currently being a 1200000000000.00 (One Trillion Two Hundred Billion) dollar problem holding people back from purchasing homes or taking part in the broader economy with a little help they may become dischargeable yet again.