Student Loan Forgiveness Working For Nonprofit
In 1981 a minimum wage earner could work full time in the summer and make almost enough to cover their annual college costs leaving a small amount that they could cobble together from grants loans or work during the school year. 4. In 2005 a student earning minimum wage would have to work the entire year and devote all of that money to the cost of their education to afford 1 year of a public college or university. 5. Now think about this there are approximately 40 million people with student loan debt somewhere over the 1.2 trillion dollar mark. According to studentaid.gov seven million of those borrowers are in default that is roughly 18%. Default is defined as being 270 days delinquent on your student loan payments. Once in default the loan balances increase by 25% and are sent to collections.
The facts however did not support this attack. By 1977 only .3% of student loans had been discharged in bankruptcy. 6. Still the walls continued to close on student debtors. Up until 1984 only private student loans made by a nonprofit institution of higher education were excepted from discharge. 7. Next with the enactment of the Bankruptcy Amendments and Federal Judgeship Act of 1984 private loans from all nonprofit lenders were excepted from discharge. In 1990 the period of repayment before a discharge could be received was lengthened to 7 years. 8. In 1991 the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991 allowed the federal government to garnish up to 10% of disposable pay of defaulted borrowers. 9. In 1993 the Higher Education Amendments of 1992 added income contingent repayment which required payments of 20% of discretionary income to be paid towards Direct Loans.
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Some of the benefits and advantages of federal student loans is given below. Unlike other forms of consumer debt student loans receive special protections under current laws ranging from collection to bankruptcy. This special status applies not only to the primary borrower (the student) but also to any co-signer on the loan. Student loans are one of the hardest types of debt to shake. Current U.S. bankruptcy law allows a court to discharge these loans in bankruptcy only in the narrowest circumstances. In fact the legal requirements for discharging education loans are so formidable to meet that most bankruptcy attorneys avoid student loan cases altogether. Since so few loan borrowers qualify for bankruptcy discharge under the law the vast majority of loan debt is carried until the borrower repays the loan or dies -- although some non-federal student loans even survive death passing the debt on to the borrowers co-signer.
A Brief History. Student loans really did not pop into existence in America until 1958 under the National Defense Education Act. 1. These loans were offered as a way to encourage students to pursue math and science degrees to keep us competitive with the Soviet Union. 2. In 1965 the Guaranteed Student Loan or Stafford Loan program was initiated under the Johnson Administration. Over time additional loan programs have come into existence. The necessity of loans for students has become greater as the subsidies universities receive have fallen over time. Take Ohio State for example. In 1990 they received 25% of their budget from the state as of 2012 that percentage had fallen to 7%. In the absence of state money universities and colleges have increased tuition to cover the reduction in state money.