Types Of Federal Student Loans
Under this legislation the Department of Education can buy federal college loans from lenders thereby providing these lenders with the liquidity they need to continue funding new parent and student loans. The law specifically targets lenders who in the current credit crunch are unable to find investors in the secondary market willing to purchase their student loan portfolios. Even with this legislation in place however lenders continue to find themselves forced to suspend their student loan programs. As recently as July 28 the Brazos Higher Education Service Corp. the 26th-largest originator of federal student loans in 2007 and the Massachusetts Educational Financing Authority the largest student loan issuer to Massachusetts residents both announced that they would no longer be able to provide either new or current borrowers with student loans.
A Brief History. Student loans really did not pop into existence in America until 1958 under the National Defense Education Act. 1. These loans were offered as a way to encourage students to pursue math and science degrees to keep us competitive with the Soviet Union. 2. In 1965 the Guaranteed Student Loan or Stafford Loan program was initiated under the Johnson Administration. Over time additional loan programs have come into existence. The necessity of loans for students has become greater as the subsidies universities receive have fallen over time. Take Ohio State for example. In 1990 they received 25% of their budget from the state as of 2012 that percentage had fallen to 7%. In the absence of state money universities and colleges have increased tuition to cover the reduction in state money.
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Any accrued unpaid interest will be added to the student loan principal and capitalized when the borrower no longer qualifies for income-based repayment. Subsidized Interest and Student Loan Forgiveness For those borrowers who hold subsidized student loans or a federal consolidation loan that included subsidized Stafford loans or Perkins loans the government will cover any unpaid interest on those subsidized loans (or on that portion of a student loan consolidation thats comprised of subsidized loans) for the first three years that a borrower is in income-based repayment. The longest that a borrower can remain on the income-based repayment plan is 25 years. After 25 years of income-based payments the government will forgive any remaining principal and unpaid interest - although borrowers should note that under current tax law this forgiven student loan debt would be taxable.
These loans are easy to get and no repayment is required until after you leave school. If you borrow responsibly in the beginning of your student loan process the back-end repayment period will be manageable. 2. Know Exactly How Much You Need to Borrow - Know before you go is my motto! When you receive your loan award letter and the maximum amount it states because you will know in advance exactly how much you need for a given school semester. If you participate in the student work study program or maybe you work full time during the summer. The salary earned from your part time work can be used to repay a little money on the loan.. Also consider setting aside some of your earnings to pay for the next semester thus avoiding the need to borrow as much.