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If your primary borrower starts missing payments or payment due dates however the lender will contact you. Normally by the time the lender is contacting you the loan youve co-signed is already past due and your credit rating may have already taken a hit. Keep in mind too that any legal remedies a lender has at its disposal for pursuing a loan debt can also be applied to the co-signer. These legal remedies include assignment of the delinquent loan account to a debt collection service and a possible court action. For delinquent federal education loans the government may seek to garnish your wages or seize any income tax refunds you have coming your way. In addition delinquencies or a default on any loans on which youve co-signed will appear on your own credit report with all the same adverse effects as on the primary borrowers credit report.
Borrowers who are employed full-time in qualifying jobs in the public service sector may have their remaining student loan debt forgiven after just 10 years in the income-based repayment program and this forgiveness would be tax-free thanks to a ruling from the U.S. Treasury last year. Qualifying for Income-Based Repayment To find out if you qualify for income-based repayment on your federal college loans youll need to contact your lender and provide information about your financial situation - youll need to demonstrate "partial financial hardship" as defined by federal regulations. Only federal Stafford and Grad PLUS student loans in good standing along with consolidations of these college loans are eligible for income-based repayment. Federal Perkins loans are eligible only if theyve been included in a federal student loan consolidation.
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13. If the rational for excepting student loans from discharge is that the cost to students to obtain loans would soar this fact would seem to lay waste to that argument. In the wake of the slow march towards saddling our students with unshakable debt the government created a couple of ways to deal with government backed student loans outside of bankruptcy. In 2007 the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007 added income based repayment which allows for a smaller repayment than income contingent repayment 15% of discretionary income and debt forgiveness after 25 years. 14. In 2010 the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 created a new version of income-based repayment cutting the monthly payment to 10% of discretionary income with debt forgiveness after 20 years. 15.
For borrowers who are on the governments income-based repayment plan any outstanding federal college loans can be discharged prior to full repayment if the borrower has made her or his monthly loan payments for 25 years. Borrowers who go to work for the government or the public sector can have their federal college loans forgiven after 10 years. Federal college loans can also be forgiven in the event the borrower dies or becomes permanently disabled. Non-federal private student loans on the other hand arent required to offer any of these payment-deferment or discharge provisions. It is at the lenders discretion whether to offer a struggling borrower deferred or lower monthly loan payments and even whether to discharge the private student loan upon the borrowers death or permanent disability.